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Bamboo, its varieties and uses

Bambugigante.com was born to disseminate truthful and quality information about the care, cultivation, transformation and uses of more than 1400 varieties of bamboo in the world.

Types of bamboo species

Guides and tutorials with bamboo

You’d like to have this giant bamboo plant in your garden, but you have no idea how to start, what care bamboo needs or where to get it. Did we get it right? Then you’re in the right place.

What is bamboo and its real origin

Unlike many sites on the network that specify, bamboo does not come from China, although its first uses in human history have been found in the great Asian continent. Bamboo is a plant (an herb) that has evolved over 30 to 40 million years well after the extinction of dinosaurs and became the largest resource of food and protection for herbivorous species, and subsequently for humans modern.

Bambusoideae

Bamboo

Bambusoideae is the name of a subfamily of plants belonging to the family of poaceae or grasses, one of the most extensive botanical families and important for humans. When the culmo is woody (a cane) its vulgar name is bamboo. The Arundinarieae tribe is known as “woody bamboos of temperate climates”, the Bambuseae tribe contains “the woody bamboos of tropical climate”, and Olyreae is the tribe of “herbaceous culmos”.

Bamboos can be small plants less than 1 m long and with stems (culmos) half a centimeter in diameter, although there are also giants: about 25 m high and 30 cm in diameter. There are herbaceous and woody, cespitous and more expansive, and there are climbers.

Bamboos can be small plants less than 1 m long and with stems (culmos) half a centimeter in diameter, although there are also giants: about 25 m high and 30 cm in diameter. There are herbaceous and woody, cespitous and more expansive, and there are climbers.

Bamboo is a robust plant that grows into a natural barrier in the regions where it develops. In short, it forms a natural cage to house small and medium-sized herbivorous species. At the end of the growth cycle of some bamboo varieties (between September and December), the new culmos grow to form extremely sharp long spines that deterre or hinder the passage of predators. These endings end up becoming precious branches and leaves after the mating cycle of many birds. Is bamboo protecting its inhabitants?

Don’t be scared! Skewers disappear every spring.

Uses of bamboo in 2019

Below we set out a variety of current uses of bamboo in 2019 that some major industries are giving you and we will try to answer the following questions.

How and in what is bamboo transformed?

With bamboo you can build houses, suspension bridges, parquet and pallets, furniture, clothes, shoes, glasses and kitchen supplies, biofuels, coal, tires, hydrogen fuel cells and much more.

What are uses of bamboo?

With the latest advances in 2019 both in direct transformation and with the use of new technologies, with bamboo you can do anything. Even the boards that support the hardware of our computers.

Are all bamboo varieties useful for construction?

Not all bamboo varieties are suitable for use in certain sectors. Factors such as the thickness and elasticity of the fibers that make up each species, their resistance to breakage and their possibilities of transformation must be taken into account. Some kinds of bamboo are versatile for the production of textile fibers, while others have to be so hard and resistant that it is impossible to extract the material.

Do you make money from growing bamboo?

This is the main concern of anyone looking to take advantage of their lands that is not costly or too complicated to maintain. This section deserves a broader section, but here we will try to summarize the key strength in the development of businesses around bamboo.

The cultivation of bamboo in Spain.

The main strength is that there is no competition in the national or European market. There is no one (except ourselves and four counted cats) who grows bamboo for timber reeds or edible bamboo shoots. Therefore, the only drawback is competition with large producers in China, whose goods must travel a full month by sea with the corresponding conditions and deterioration that this implies in the quality of their products, phytosanitary licences and port tariffs that increase their prices. Therefore, growing bamboo in Spain can be an important sector to exploit. A blue sea that has not yet been discovered.

Nothing further from reality. Bamboo has served for millennia to the survival of human beings in countless regions of our planet. Its most significant use has always been the construction of spaces where we can protect ourselves from the elements and external threats. In short, it is a lightweight, robust, flexible and easy-to-work material that has served, continues and will continue to serve humanity.

Grow 20 bamboo plants and you’ll be able to build your own home once every 2 years

With only 20 bamboo plants you can get enough reeds to build a country house every two years. How is that possible? It’s very simple. Bamboo is a plant that always generates new reeds during its growth cycles, ranging from late May to November. These new reeds will take between 1 and 2 years to be used as wood, as they need to establish an adequate lignin level (lignin gives the woody properties to bamboo). When they are ready, they are cut and treated with a salt bath or borax. Then you can do with them whatever you want!

growing giant bamboo

Bamboo properties

Bamboo is a unique plant with countless properties that can be applied to different scenarios. In a summary, we can say that it is a fast-growing plant, growing in poor soils and has the ability to regenerate them. In addition, its wood can replace that of slower-developing trees such as eucalyptus or pine, not to mention that once harvested it has the ability to regenerate, reaching the productivity of current logging farms.

Bamboo features

The world’s fastest growing plant

Some bamboo species are the fastest growing plants on the planet. So much so that many companies with a conscience in climate change have set their sights on this type of alternative crop, replacing crops such as eucalyptus; that impoverishes the soil and is highly invasive, as well as changing the composition of its products.

Transform 25% more CO2

One hectare of bamboo (the size of a football field) can store up to 250 tons of carbon and its wood, once exploited, can hold it for an average of 80 years. Each year, that hectare absorbs 5.1 new tons of carbon, the Co2 equivalent generated by a person in more developed countries such as Spain or the United States.

Mechanical properties

Its long, flexible fibers make bamboo an excellent ally for the construction of structures of any kind, surpassing even some of the most resistant woods such as oak.

Health benefits

Products made with bamboo have a silicon intake, which is naturally present in this plant. Bamboo silica promotes collagen synthesis, which is found in high concentrations in bone and connective tissues, so that it helps the reconstruction of age-impaired cartilage or by arthrhetic diseases and, for the same reason, contributes to prevent deterioration.

Bioconstruction with bamboo reeds is like a giant lego

When we build with bamboo, we must imagine a game of lego with long pieces that we can cut and join as we please. It’s that simple! If not, look at these images and identify the sections of reeds, where they were cut and how they have been joined together to shape the structures and bamboo furniture.

Here are some of the latest developments in bamboo use in different industries and technologies.

Components and structures for cars made with bamboo

Recently, some vehicle companies, including Ford in this particular case, have begun to study the use of bamboo to build and reinforce some important features of their new vehicle models.

“The bamboo is amazing. It is hard, flexible, totally renewable and is found in many places in China”

Janet Yin, Ford’s Nanjing Research & Engineering Centre

Wind turbines made with bamboo

Polymers made with bamboo have been tested in different industries for years that have seen in bamboo fibers a way to transform heavy, inflexible and difficult to work structures and a solution both economical, ecological and innovative.

In short, bamboo is a lightweight, flexible, resistant material and extends the lifespan of everything it is made with.

Bamboo compounds and polymers

Companies are constantly looking for materials that replace few natural resources, pollutants and whose lifespan transforms the quality and durability of their products and meets most of these characteristics:

  • Low density, light weight materials.
  • That have better mechanical properties or are easier to work with.
  • May his qualities be constant over time (wear).
  • Good insulation and thermal inertia properties.
  • Good vibration damping behavior.
  • Non-abrasive during manufacturing (wear of machinery and tools).
  • Significantly reduce the carbon footprint.
  • Make it cheap!

Now is when our imagination gets underway and starts building a world full of objects made of bamboo, light, easy to work, cheap, resistant, hypoallergenic and environmentally friendly.

Bamboo and Feng Shui Bagua

How you hear it. Bamboo is the plant that best represents longevity, as it can live for more than 200 years (our Dendrocalamus Giganteus mother plant is 150 years old). And all those years generates impressive new reeds. It is not affected by the vast majority of diseases that can harm other trees and is always green.

Bamboo images

Welcome to the best list of the most beautiful and exotic giant bamboo photos in the world! Bamboo plants, bamboo reeds in exotic gardens and famous forests in Japan.

Click on each image or its name to see it in high resolution:

As we often say, an image is worth a thousand words and these images of giant bamboos transformed into luxury houses and hotels speak for themselves. The environment and climate change appreciate the use of bamboo for such bamboo architecture projects, but do you really think that bamboo is only used under construction?